Bhimber is the southernmost of the tenth districts of Azad Kashmir, the district is between Latitude: 32-48 to 33-34 and Longitude: 73.55 to 74-45, and has an area of 1516 km².
The chief town is Bhimber District, in the Pakistan-administered territory of Azad Kashmir located is on the border between Occupied Kashmir and Pakistan, about 29 mi (47 km) by road southeast of Mirpur.
Bhimber is also known as Bab-e-Kashmir (Door to Kashmir), due to its geographical location of the city. The area is very rich in archaeological remains due to its strategic location, it lies on the route that was followed by the Mughal Emperors for their frequent visits to the Kashmir Valley.
History of Districts
Bhimber was the capital of the Chibhal dynasty, which lasted from 1400 to 1856. Katoch Bhimber lies on the route that was followed by the Mughal Emperors for their frequent visits to the Kashmir Valley. It is also known as “Baab-e-Kashmir” (Door to Kashmir) because of its importance and geographical location, which was ideal for the Mughal Emperors to use to enter Kashmir. Therefore, the Mughals used Bhimber as a staging point for their journey to Srinagar.
The Mughal Emperor Jahangir discussed Bhimber in his book Tuzk-e-Jahangiri. In the 19th century, Chibhal came under the Sikh Empire of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Around 1822, along with Poonch, it was granted as a jagir (feudal land grant) to Raja Dhian Singh of the Dogra dynasty, Gulab Singh’s brother.
After the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the Sikh court fell into disunity, and Dhian Singh was murdered in court intrigue. Subsequently, the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was formed under the suzerainty of the British Empire, and these territories were transferred to Jammu and Kashmir. The jagir given to Dhian Singh was respected, however, and Dhian Singh’s sons Moti Singh and Jawahir Singh were retained as its Rajas.
In 1852, the brothers Jawahir and Moti Singh quarreled, and the Punjab Board of Revenue awarded a settlement. Moti Singh was awarded the Poonch district, and Jawahir Singh was awarded Bhimber, Mirpur, and KotliIn 1859, Jawahir Singh was accused of ‘treacherous conspiracy’ by Maharaja Ranbir Singh (r. 1857–1885), who succeeded Gulab Singh. The British agreed with the assessment and forced Jawahir Singh to exile in Ambala. Ranbir Singh paid Jawahir Singh an annual stipend of Rs. 100,000 until his death, and appropriated his territory afterward because Jawahir Singh had no heirs.
The appropriated territory was organized as the Bhimber district (wazarat) in 1860. In the decade preceding 1911, the district headquarters was shifted to Mirpur and it came to be called the Mirpur district. Bhimber remained a tehsil headquarters until 1947. It had a Hindu majority population, mostly consisting of Mahajans.
Geography and climate
It is a valley. Its hot, dry climate and other geographical conditions closely resemble those of Gujrat, the adjoining district of Pakistan.
Its climate is classified as warm and temperate. Summers have a good deal of rainfall; winters have very little. This location is classified as Cwa by Köppen and Geiger. The average annual temperature is 23.6 °C (74.5 °F) with a yearly average rainfall of 974 mm. July and August are the wettest months. Temperatures are highest in June.
Papulation of District Bhimber;
The total population of The District according to Population Census 1998 (million) was 0.302 million and Population Census 2015 is 0.467 million.
The primary languages
The primary languages are Punjabi and Pahari. Pahari is mainly spoken in Samahni tehsil which is located in the northeast of Bhimber and comprises the local tribes of Kashmir. Pahari is a native language of Jammu and Kashmir whereas Punjabi is considered the language of the people who got settled here from adjoining areas in different periods. The topography ranges from plain areas to valleys and mountains.
Peoples, professions and Cultures;
The main ethnicities in the district are: Jatt, Rajput, Gujjar, Mirza, Malik, Mughal, Bains-Rajput, Syed, and Butt, For a couple of decades, there had been a growing trend among the youths to go abroad and the remittances by Kashmiris settled in economically-developed countries form a substantial part of the district’s economy Other common professions are military service, manual jobs, business, and agriculture/farming.
Administrative setup of District Bhimber;
The total area of the district is 1516 square kilometers and is divided into three tehsils.
- Barnala Tehsil
- Bhimber Tehsil
- Samahni Tehsil
The major crops of the district are maize and wheat but at some places, rice, gram, bajra, and jawar are also cultivated. Pulses of different kinds are also grown in different areas of the district. Similarly, the soil of the district is also ideal for sunflower, mustard, and basmati rice.
Ponies and donkeys are kept for carrying the load.Buffalos and sheep/goats are kept almost in every home for milk and other dairy products. Pine, kail, fir, and other trees like poplar, shisham, kikar, willow, walnut, ban-akhore, chinar, and mannu are found in abundance in the district.
Among flowers zianna, dahlia, merry gold, cosmos, daffodil, aster, and rose of different kinds are found in the district. Mostly the population of the rural areas is eagerly devoted to the plantation of fruit plants to meet the needs of people. For this purpose agricultural and fruit nurseries have been established by the Agriculture Department.
Major Industry in District
The Government of Azad Jammu and Kashmir is encouraging investment in the following areas/sectors:
- Small & Cottage Industries
- Medium and Large Industries
- Mineral and Forest-based Industries
- Hydel Projects
- Tourism Potential
- The commercial viability of proposed industrial units depends on their location. Owing to close proximity to the market of Pakistan, Bhimber is the most suitable location for the establishment of Medium and large-scale industries. However, some opportunities for cottage / small & medium Industries are also available in Northern areas (Poonch & Muzaffarabad) of AJ&K in addition to investment in Mineral, Hydel, Tourism, and Housing Sectors of AJ&K.
Main Tourist attraction places / Famous Places
Baghsar Fort is an ancient Mughal fort in the Samahni Valley overlooking Baghsar Lake. Sarai Saadabad is located near Bandala in the Samahni Valley and was used as a staging camp during Mughal Era for the caravans moving from Lahore to Kashmir. Also of note is the Tomb of Sufi saint Baba Shadi Shaheed.
- Mughal Mosque Bhimber
- Saraae Saadabad (Samahni)
- Rani Bowli & Chapper
- Gurdwara Ali Baig
- Seeta Bowli & Hamams
Postal code of District Bhimber;
In Pakistan Post Code is a 5 digits code that is normally written at the end of an address which allows automated sorting of mail to a particular post office or Address. A postcode also knows as a Postal code and zip codes.
Bhimber District in the Hazara region of Azad Kashmir province is located at 32°26 N 74.64E. The Bhimber Gpo Postal code format consists of 5 digits. First 2 digit 10 for routing Bhimber district and 040 code Bhimber Gpo Post office.Bhimber Gpo Postal Code is 10040.
Here is a piece of more detailed information about the Bhimber Postal code.
BHIMBER GPO POSTAL / ZIP CODE INFORMATION
|Bhimber Gpo Postcode Type :||Delivery Bhimber Gpo Post office|
|Bhimber Gpo Postal Code
|Area Name||Bhimber Gpo|
|Post Office Name||Bhimber General Post Office|
|Bhimber Gpo Post Office Type||Main GPO|
|Post office Address||General Post Office. Bhimber-Gujrat Rd, Bhimber, AJK|
|Bhimber Gpo Latitude
|Bhimber Gpo Longitude||71.928278|
Dial code of district Bhimber;
- International Dialing Code: 92
- International Prefix: 00
- National Prefix : 0
- National Destination Code: 5828
- Subscriber Number From 442000
- Subscriber Number To 444999
- National Destination Code Length: 4
- Uses National Destination Code: Yes
- National Significant Number Length: 10
- Number Type: G (Geographic Land Line, Fixed Line)
- Carrier Name: SCOM
Another silent feature about District Bhimber AJK
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