Chakwal District is in the Pothohar Plateau of Punjab, Pakistan. District Chakwal also called the “Land of Marshals” is located in the north of the Punjab province, The total area of Chakwal district is 6,609 square kilometers, which is equivalent to 1864934 acres (6,687.20 km2) and the Elevation of Chakwal is 498 m above sea level.
Chakwal district is bordered by Khushab to its south, Rawalpindi to its northeast, Jhelum to its east, Mianwali to its west, and Attock to its northwest. The district was created out of parts of Jhelum and Attock in 1985.
It is located 90 kilometers south-east of the federal capital, Islamabad, and 270 kilometers from the provincial capital, Lahore
History of Chakwal District
The recorded history of Chakwal covers thousands of years. As noted in District gazetteer Jehlum 1904, the city was founded by Chaudhary Chaku Khan, Chief of the Mair Minhas Rajpoot tribe from Jammu in 1525 C.E. during the era of Mughal Emperor Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar. In 1881 during the British era, it was declared the Tehsil headquarters and was finally upgraded to the district status in 1985.
Chakwal is located in the Potohar plateau and is known as the home of soan valley civilization. The history of the area dates back to the semi-mythical period of the Maha-Bharat.
Chakwal has been bestowed by rich culture, history, art, and Extravagant environment. Once been known as a picnic spot of the Mughal Dynasty and the British Lords, Chakwal still offers a unique landscape to its visitors. World-renowned Kallar Kahar Lake.
Takhat-e-Babri, a stage built of stone by Emperor Babar to address his Army, Bagh-e-Safa, and above all Katas Raj temples (Famous temples-fort and Medieval University surrounded by 100 temples built over a period of 1000 years by the Hindu rajas provide ideal places for family hangouts. Al-Baruni (a famous Mathematician of all times) measured the circumference of the earth while studying Sanskrit at Katas Raj University.
Village Lawa (now declared as a Tehsil / Sub-Division) holds the record of being the Largest Village in Asia. Chakwal is known as Military valley as 90% of its old and young men have served or presently serving the Army. Chakwal also holds the record of producing fine men like Colonel Muhammad Khan (a Veteran of World War II), former Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, and many stalwarts of legal fraternally like Mr. Justice Qazi Muhammad Gull, Mr. Justice Zia Mehmood Mirza (former Judges August Supreme Court of Pakistan), Mr. Justice (R) Rustam Ali Malik (former judge Hon’ble Lahore High Court) and Malik Lehrasab Khan (former judges Hon’ble Lahore High Court), Mr. Justice Shams Mehmood Mirza, and Mr. Justice Qazi Muhammad Amin Ahmed (Sitting Judges of Hon’ble Lahore High Court). Chakwal has also produced lawyers of the highest caliber such as Ch. Afrasiab Khan Adv. Supreme court of Pakistan, Syed Zia Ul Hassan Zaidi Adv. Supreme Court of Pakistan etc
At present, District Chakwal comprises of Tehsils namely Tehsil Chakwal, Kallar Kahar, Talagang, Choa Saiden Shah, and Lawa. Before the establishment of district Chakwal in the year 1985, Tehsil and District Chakwal used to be a part of / Tehsil of District Jehlum. Similarly, Tehsil Kallar Kahar and Choa Saiden Shah formed part of Tehsil Pind-dadan khan District Jehlum whereas, Tehsil Talagang and Lawa were the part of District Attock (Camel-pur).
The climate of Chakwal
The climate of Chakwal is considered to be a local steppe climate. The summer season starts from the month of April and continues till October. May and June are the hottest months with day temperatures usually ranging from 40 to 45 degrees centigrades.
The winter season begins from the month of November and continues till March. January is the coldest month with a mean minimum temperature of 1-degree centigrades. Dust storms occur occasionally during the hot season relieving temporarily the intensity of heat.
Towards the end of June, monsoon conditions appear and during the following, two and half months spell of rainy season alternates with intervals of sultry weather.
Most of the rain falls in July, August, and September during the summer months and in January, February, and March during the winter months.
According to the 2017 census of Pakistan, the total population is 1,495 982 of which only 12.01% were urban — making Chakwal the most rural district in Punjab.
Urdu is the language spoken and understood by all. However, the majority of the people, especially those living in the city speak Punjabi. People living in cantonment are not generally the citizens and consist of army officials posted there that belong to different areas of the country. Hence Urdu is the main language spoken and understood by the people living in the district.
The Janjuas and Jats, who now hold the Salt Range and its northern plateau respectively.
The Gakhars, who appear to represent an early wave of conquest from the west, and who still inhabit a large tract in the east of the District; while the Awans, who now cluster in the western plain, are apparently later invaders.
Castes and Clans
Principal Casets: Gujjar, Janjua, Awan, Gakhar, Kashmiri, Khokhar, Pathan, Lilla, Qureshi, Phaphra Mughal, Maliar, Syed, and Punjabi Shaikh
Jutt Clans: Bhukar, Cheema, Dhamial, Ghuman, Gondal, Hal, Khingar, Khoti, Khatarmal, Mekan, Nagyal, Sipra, Thathaal and Toor
Rajput Clans: Akra, Bharat, Bhakral, Bhatti, Chauhan, Chib, Janjua Rajput, Jalap and Sohlan
A large number of soldiers to the British Army before independence and later to the Pakistan armed forces due to which it is also known as ‘city of soldiers’ or ‘land of martyrs and warriors.
People enjoy eating both traditional as well as continental food. Variety of food ranges from the traditional ‘Lahori chargha’ to the continental Chinese, Italian cuisine, etc. People are very fond of eating ‘saag’ and ‘makai ki rotti’. There are numerous FAST food restaurants.
People are simple and most of the population resides in villages. Major casts Rajput, Jat, Kyanis. Since the area is not rich in agriculture, most of the people engage in different jobs other than cultivating crops. The life of the people can be divided into people living in the city and those living in the cantonment. The people living in the cantonment are mainly the army officials while those living in the city are either landlords or own showrooms etc.
People start their day early in the morning with male members of the house going to their workplace and children going to school. Female members of the house stay back and look after the house. However, there are also women who work. The working women usually work as doctors and teachers.
The city is leading towards continuous development and advancement. Initially, the city lacked a good market for clothing and other household items. People usually traveled to Rawalpindi or Lahore for shopping. Now the trend is changing. The famous clothing brands have now opened in Chakwal.
People of this area have gone abroad to earn their lively hood and most of them are settled in United Kingdom and the Middle East. These people are a big source of foreign remittance and are contributing to the foreign exchange of the country.
The district of Chakwal, which covers an area of 6,524 km², is subdivided into five tehsils and 71 union councils.
- Chakwal Tehsil
- Talagang Tehsil
- Choa Saidan Tehsil
- Kallar Kahar,
These tehsils were formerly part of neighboring districts:
Chakwal Tehsil was annexed from Jhelum District and made part of the newly formed Chakwal District.
Talagang Tehsil was annexed from Attock District and was made the second subdivision of Chakwal District.
Choa Saidan Shah was carved out of sub-division Pind Dadan Khan of Jhelum District and was amalgamated with sub-division Chakwal. Choa Saidan Shah was upgraded to the level of a sub-division in 1993.
Transportation in Chakwal District
Two main roads facilitate communication of Chakwal District, The Motorway on its one side and Grand Trunk Road on the other. There is a regular bus service available running from early hours of the morning to late in the night. Daily routes include Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Lahore, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Mandi Bahauddin, Sargodha, Jhelum, Karachi, and Faisalabad.
Education in Chackwal District
Chakwal has a total of 1201 government schools out of which 52 percent (627 schools) are for female students. The district has an enrollment of 181,574 in public sector schools with a 90% literacy rate.
Here is a detailed list of some famous Educational institutions in the Chakwal District include:
Kallar Kahar Science Colleges for Boys, Kallar Kahar,
Kallar Kahar Science Colleges for Girls, Kallar Kahar, Chakwal
Mayers Colles Kot Sarfaraz Chakwal City
Plants in District
There is a very wide range of plant and animal species in the district. Amongst plants, the species which are most abundant in the district are Kau (Olea cuspidata), Phulai (Acacia modesta), Sanatha (Dodones viscosa), Gurgura (Monotheca buxifolia), and Pataki (Gymnospo Riaroyleana). The general vegetation consists of dry deciduous scrub. The grass species which are dominant in the area are Sariala (Heteropogan contortus), Khawi (Cymbopogan jwarancusa), Mesquite (Prosopis juilfloro), and Karir (Capparis sphylla). All these plant species are found throughout the district.
Animal life in District Chakwak
The district has a wide range of Fauna. Birds include different species of Partridges (Grey, Black, Chakore, See See), Rain Quail, Black Winged Kite whereas Animals includes Urial, Asiatic Jackal, Crested porcupine ( local name: Seh ), Bengal Monitor Lizard.
Chakwal District Code / phone Dialing code / Area code
The District code or phone code or STD area code or dial code for Chakwal is 543. This code is required when you are trying to dial any fixed landline phone. Before dialing any such line the prefix of the above code must be used to make the correct phone call.
Chakwal Telephone City Dial Code | Location of 543 City Code
How to make a call/dial Chakwal?
If you are calling from Inside Pakistan
0 – 543 – XXXXXXXX (Receiver Phone number)
If you are calling from Outside Pakistan
+ 92 – 543 – XXXXXXXX ( Receiver phone number)
( International call)
Chakwal Postal code / Zip codes for Chakwal
in Pakistan Post Code is a 5 digits code that is normally written at the end of an address which allows automated sorting of mail to a particular post office or Address. A postcode also knows as a Postal code and zip code.
Chakwal District in the region of Punjab province is located at 32°26 N 74.64E. The Chakwal G.P.O Postal code format consists of 5 digits. First 2 digit 48 for routing Chakwal district and 800 code Chakwal G.P.O Post office. Chakwal G.P.O Postal Code is 48800
CHAKWAL G.P.O POSTAL / ZIP CODE INFORMATION
|Chakwal G.P.O Postcode Type :||Delivery Chakwal G.P.O Post office|
|Chakwal G.P.O Postal Code
|Area Name||Chakwal G.P.O|
|Post Office Name||Bhimber General Post Office|
|Chakwal G.P.O Post Office Type||Main GPO|
|Post office Address||General Post Office. Bhimber-Gujrat Rd, Bhimber, AJK|
|Chakwal G.P.O Latitude
|Chakwal G.P.O Longitude||71.928278|
|Pakistan ISO Code||2 Digits: PK, 3 Digits: PAK|
Nearest Area Postal Codes in District Chakwal
|Chakwal POSTAL CODE information|
|Area Name||Postal code|
|CHAK BAQAR SHAH||48860|
|CHOA SAIDAN SHAH||48320|
|KHAN PUR (CHAKWAL)||48870|
|LEHR SULTAN PUR||48400|
Important Places in District Chakwal
Chakwal District is in the Pothohar Plateau of Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the north of the Punjab province, Chakwal district is bordered by Khushab to its south, Rawalpindi to its northeast, Jhelum to its east, Mianwali to its west, and Attock to its northwest. The district was created out of parts of Jhelum and Attock in 1985. Quite a number of historical sites and Tourist places lies in the undulations of Chakwal.
Kallar Kahar is situated 25 kilometers (15.5 miles) from the city of Chakwal, in District Chakwal. Kallar Kahar is famous for Kallar Kahar Lake, Takht-e-Babri, and beautiful species of peacocks. It is also famous for its natural gardens which are full of colorful flowers and plants. Kallar Kahar Lake is the most important reason for Kallar Kahar to be famous among tourists.
It is a saltwater lake. Situated at an altitude of 1500ft above sea level the lake is spread over an area of 8 kilometers. The maximum depth of the lake is 4-5 feet. The famous Mughal emperor Zahir-ud-Din Babar encamped in Kallar Kahar with his armies, when he was marching from Kabul to attack Delhi with his armies.
During his stay, a throne was built for him by cutting a big rock, where he addressed his army. Later the throne was named “Takht-e-Babri”. It still exists in Kallar Kahar and working as a popular tourist attraction. Bagh-e-Safa is a garden said to be planted by Babar. Babar himself referred to Kallar Kahar as a “charming place with good air” and natural beauty.
Katas Raj Temple
Katas Raj Temple is a Hindu temple in Katas village near Choa Saidan Shah, about 40 km from Chakwal city of Punjab in Pakistan. The temple is from the eras of the Hindu Shahis dating back to 615-950 CE and is dedicated to their lord Shiva. According to Hindu believes, Krishna himself laid the foundation of this temple with his hand-made Shiva ling in it.
There is a sacred pond in the temple. According to a Brahmanical story, the pond was made by tears in the grief of Shiva at the death of his wife Sati. The Hindu pilgrims bathe in the pool to seek forgiveness. The site, known as Satghara which means seven houses, originally housed seven small ancient temples and a Buddhist stupa. However, only five of the seven temples remain intact today.
It is considered the most important Hindu pilgrimage site in Pakistan and still, large numbers of the Hindu community visit the site from within the country and abroad. The Government of Pakistan is planning to nominate the temple for World Heritage Site.
Swaik Lake (local names: Narumi Dhan, Khandowa Lake) is a lake 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) from the Kallar Kahar and 30 kilometers (19 miles) southwest of Chakwal along the Motorway. It is a popular tourist attraction and offers opportunities for swimming and diving. It can be accessed through the M2 motorway linking Lahore and Islamabad.
Located west of Kallar Kahar at a height of 230 meters (757 feet), Malot is a village in the Chakwal District, Punjab, Pakistan. The Malot Fort was built in the 10th century AD and is affirmative of its nature and roots down to a combination of Kashmiri Architecture and Greek Tradition. Due to this synthesis, it is also termed as one of the prettiest in the entire region. The red sandstone shimmers in the natural light of the sun that is also a local vernacular material present at the Salt Range Mountains.
Chinji National Park
Chinji National Park was established in 1987, is a protected area of IUCN category II (national park) located in Talagang Tehsil, Chakwal. It covers a total area of 6,095 hectares (15,061 acres). Chinji National Park is located close to the Salt Range, about 130 km from Islamabad in the south. The area is characterized to have sub-tropical vegetation with many plant species of importance area is also a habitat for threatened species of Urial.
Neela Wahn, Kallar Kahar is a beautiful natural waterfall and lake, located in Khushab Road, near Kallar Kahar, Punjab, Pakistan. Neela Wahn is locally called “Chasma-ab-e-Shifa”, because of its clear blue water like a crystal. It is highly attracted by tourists due to the waterfall, Greenery, and natural beauty for Hiking, Camping activities, and Swimming purpose.
|Other salient features of Chakwal District are as below:|