Chiniot District became the 36th district of the Punjab province of Pakistan in February 2009. At an earlier time, it was a tehsil of Jhang District. Chiniot is situated in the center of Punjab province on the bank of the river Punjab in the Faislabad division. Boundaries are attached with Faisalabad, Jhang, Hafizabad, and Sargodha. Chiniot was Tehsil of district Jhang and it was declared a separate district in February 2009. Chiniot is further divided into two Tehsil’s named Bhuwana and Lalian. According to different sources, the history of this city begins before capturing Multan by Mohammad Bin Qasim. Chiniot.
History of Chiniot District
According to different sources, the history of this city begins before capturing Multan by Mohammad Bin Qasim. Chiniot region was an agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture that migrated from Central Asia and settled in the Punjab region.
The Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas, and Kurus invaded, settled, and ruled the ancient Punjab region. After overrunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into the present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Chiniot region was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites, and Shahi kingdoms.
In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of the Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region.
The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of the Punjab region. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire conquered Narowal District. The Muslims faced restrictions during the Sikh rule. The British took over Chiniot District in 1848.
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Chiniot District.
“Chiniot” name is from Chandan Khan sister of Malik Machchhe Khan, Raja of Chiniot, a khokhar rajput clan. Mari tappa (founded raja Badal khan khokhar Rajput) was not then populated, but andheri was flourishing, and north of it lay the dhaular, or abode of Rani chandan, which was called chandniot, now chiniot. Or some say its name is based on as, literally “OT” (Behind/Across) of “CHIN-ab river”, hence Chiniot. According to Sir Denzil Ibbetson. Panjab Castes, A glossary of tribes and caste of Punjab by H.D. ROSE. Chiniot was known for its master crafted furniture, not only in Pakistan but all over the world. Its highly special and master craft Jharokhas are known in the whole country.
On 2 February 2009, Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif formally approved the creation of Chiniot as the 36th district of Punjab province on the behalf of Molana Ilyas Ahmed Chinioti. Calls for Chiniot to be made a district date back to 2005, when a movement was launched to elevate the former tehsil to the district level. The movement died down when the public was assured the next Nazim would be from Chiniot – however, this was not to be the case.
Rana Tahir-the maiden DCO Chiniot along with Mr. Hamza Shahbaz Sharif raised the flag of Pakistan on the DCO office on the fine morning of 1 July 2009. The efforts of Rana Tahir in giving a properly developed outlook to the infant district will find a place in history and cannot be over-emphasized. Mr. Dilmeir was Khan was appointed as first district accounts officer and Mr. Fayaz Sunbal was appointed as First DPO Chiniot.
Chiniot is a city and the administrative headquarter of Chiniot District, in the state of Punjab, Pakistan. Located at the bank of the river Chenab with the heads of small rocky hills, it is known throughout Pakistan for its intricate wooden furniture and architecture.
Chiniot has a hot semi-arid climate. The weather in Chiniot District is variable and The climate of the Chiniot District changes every day. Annually climate of Chiniot maximum at 30.2 °C and the minimum at 19.2 °C is being recorded.
Papulation of Chiniot District
According to the 2017 census, the population of Chiniot District was 1,369,740 According to the 2017 Census of Pakistan, Chiniot city has a population of 278,747.
Administrative divisions of Chiniot District
Chiniot District is spread over an area of 1300 square kilometers comprising of the following tehsils:
Fauna and flora
The fauna and flora of the district include: Jand trees (Prosopis spicigera), Karir (Capparis aphylla), Beri (Ziziphus jujuba), Van (Salvadora abeoides), Kikar (Acacia arabica), Shisham (Dalbergia ) and Aak (Calotropis hamiltoni) are found within the district.
Chiniot region was an agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. Chiniot is a district of a Multi-tribes nation. Tribes of Chiniot include Rajput Dhudhi Sahmal Sipra, Janjua, Dogar, Syed, Sial, Mufti, Arain, Laali, Marath, Aheer, Awan, Makhdoom, Baloch Bhatti, Bhutta, Butt, Bhowana, Chohan, Dhera, Durrani, Gujjar, Hanjra, Indra, Sipra, Walara, Haral, Tamimi, Hashmi, Jappa, Jatt, Koli, Kamoky, Kharal, Khokhar, Marral, Naul, Nakokara, Traggar/Tragar, Nissowana, Puri, Pathan Slara, Wassi, Dhawan, Wadhawan, Sehgal, and Kalyar.
Major Languages of District Chiniot
According to the 1998 census, 96.8% of the population of Chiniot tehsil had Punjabi as the first language, and 2.4% had Urdu.
Culture of District Chiniot
Different castes of people from different schools of thought are living there. Chiniot is famous all over the world due to handicraft and carving on wooden utensils.
The culture of this specific area is not much different from the culture of Punjab province. Some individuals playing their roles in politics of In Chiniot people celebrate Islamic occasions with great arrangements.
As on 12 Rabi’ al-awwal, 1440th birthday celebration of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, people of Chiniot arranged 63-maund cake, one of the largest cakes in the world.
That function was arranged in the Darbar Aalia Wadi Aziz Sharif. Urs of Hazrat Mian Rehmat Sahib at khoi mian rehmat sahib (Icharwal)
Transport and communication
Chiniot District is connected with the rest of Pakistan by a main highway and rail line. The nearest international airport is Faisalabad International Airport, which is 48.5 kilometers from Chiniot.
The railway track is the easiest and cheapest way of transportation. Chiniot railway is the main source of transporting the furniture from Chiniot to the rest of Pakistan; it is the main source of importing the wood for furniture from all over Pakistan. Chiniot Railway Station was built in 1927 during the British Raj. It was a great step for the local economy.
Education in District Chiniot
Chiniot District has thousands of registered schools, including government schools, semi govt schools, charity schools, and private schools. These schools provide education to thousands of students in Chiniot District.
Here is a detail of some Educational institutions in Chiniot District
Allama Iqbal Model School, Chiniot
Chenab College, Chiniot
Govt Al Islah High School, Chiniot
Govt High School Salara, Chiniot
Govt Primary School, Shareen Awan Chiniot
Govt Mudrassa-tul-Banat High School, Chiniot
Khatam e Nabuwat Institute of Modern Sciences (KIMS) College, Chiniot
Masoomeen Foundation High School, Chiniot
Masoomeen School and College, Chiniot
The important products of Chiniot include silk, cotton, wheat, sugar, rice, milk, pottery, wooden furniture, etc. The District s agricultural economy is largely derived from “canal colonies” established during British rule when a vast network of canals was laid to irrigate Punjab.
Furniture Industry in Chiniot District
Chiniot is famous for his wooden furniture and developed as a center of woodworking given its close proximity to the Chenab River – as timber from Kashmir would be floated down the river towards Chiniot. Chiniot’s artisans are renowned for their skill and were employed in the construction of both the Taj Mahal and Wazir Khan Mosque. The city’s metalworkers, along with those of Lahore, were considered the best in Punjab during the British period, and Chinioti designs and were considered superior to those of Hoshiarpur or Jalandhar.
Chiniot is world-famous for its exotically carved and brightly lacquered furniture. Chinioti craftsmen and artisans have for centuries carved flowers and geometric patterns onto cellulose fibers. Masons from Chiniot are thought to have been employed during the construction of the Taj Mahal and Golden Temple, both now in India.
Despite the knowledge and century-old traditions employed in Chinioti wood making, the Pakistani government has made little effort to promote and market its Punjabi furniture industry. A lack of vocational education and training centers in Chiniot means that modern working techniques are rarely used. The lack of computer-aided design (CAD) also serves as a hindrance to modern manufacturing. Rather it needs at least one technical university in place to compete for the global updation.
Furniture making in Chiniot forms a vital part of Pakistan’s secondary industry and is also essential to the Punjabi regional economy. Internationally, Chiniot competes with the most modem furniture industry of Italy which is known all over the world. The carving style of Italy and Chiniot is the same but the furniture here is more durable.
Chiniot is noted for its food dishes, especially “Kunna” (goat meat cooked in an earthen pot. This pot is locally called kunna after which the dish name is famous).
What is the CHINIOT POSTAL / ZIP CODE INFORMATION?
Chiniot District in the Hazara region of Punjab province, its located at 32°26 N 74.64E. The Chiniot Postal code format consists of 5 digits. First 2 digit 35 for routing Chiniot district and 400 code Chiniot Post office. Chiniot Postal Code is 35400
|CHINIOT POSTAL / ZIP CODE INFORMATION|
|Chiniot Postcode Type||Delivery Chiniot Post office|
|Chiniot Postal Code||35400|
|Post Office Name||General Post Office|
|Chiniot Post Office Type||Main GPO|
|Post office Address||General Post Office. Chiniot, Punjab|
|Pakistan ISO Code||2 Digits: PK, 3 Digits: PAK|
Chiniot District Code / phone Dialing code / Area code 466
The city code or phone code or STD area code or dial code for Chiniot District is 466. This code is required when you are trying to dial any fixed landline phone. Before dialing any such line the prefix of the above code must be used to make the correct phone call.
Chiniot Telephone City Dial Code | Location of 466 City Code
How to make a call/dial Chiniot?
If you are calling from Inside Pakistan
0 – 466 – XXXXXXXX (Receiver Phone number)
If you are calling from Outside Pakistan
+ 92 – 466 – XXXXXXXX ( Receiver phone number)
( International call).
Famous places in Chiniot District
Khatm-e-Nabuwat Chowk is the main place and the main intersection between GT roads connecting large cities of Pakistan. Chiniot Bridge is crossing over Chenab river on the Chiniot-Sargodha road. It also has a monument in the name of the Brave Soldiers and officers who fought bravely for their country in the 1971 War The Platoon Commander Captain. Rana Asghar Ali along with his Platoon guarded the bridge. Some of the Platoon members embraced shahadat and others became ghazi.
The Omar Hayat Mahal
The Omar Hayat Mahal (also known as Gulzar Manzil), is a 19th-century palace in Chiniot. (Badshahi Masjid) it was built by Nawab Saad Ullah Khan who was minister of Shah Jahan. It has the same architecture as Shahi Masjid Lahore. Nawab Saad Ullah was a minister in the cabinet of the Mughal Empire. Important Village: Bhowana is one of the most famous towns in district Chiniot due to its fertility to produce CSP officers. It is a place of peace and beauty.
The classic Hindu Temple was built by Maharaja Gulab Singh. It is one of the many landmarks in the city of Chiniot. The astonishing temple is believed to be constructed during the second Anglo-Sikh war.
Chiniot’s Shahi Mosque, a Mughal masterpiece, was built by Nawab SaadulIah Khan during the regime of Emperor Shah Jahan. It was constructed from 1646 to 1655. It is an exceedingly handsome edifice of hewn stone obtained from the hills near Chiniot.
Other salient features of Chiniot District are as below:
If you have more useful information about Chiniot District and want to share it with the world.