Dera Ghazi Khan District
The Dera Ghazi Khan is located in a strip between the river Indus and the Koh-Suleman range of mountains separating it from the Baluchistan Province. It is surrounded by Dera Ismail Khan on the North and Rajanpur on its South. Indus river flows on the East across which lie the districts of Muzaffargarh and Layyah. Loralai and Dera Bugti districts of Baluchistan Province lies on the West separated by the Koh-Suleman range of mountains. The district is spread over an area of 13018 square kilometers.
History of Dera Ghazi Khan District
The city was founded at the close of the 15th century and named after Nawab Ghazi Khan Mirrani, son of Nawab Haji Khan Mirani, a Balochi chieftain, who had declared independence from the Langhi Dynasty Sultans of Multan. Together with two other Deras i.e. settlements, Dera Ismail Khan and Dera Fateh Khan, it gave its name to Derajat. Derajat eventually came into the possession of the British after the Sikh War in 1849 and was divided into two districts: Dera Ghazi Khan and Dera Ismail Khan.
After the partition of India, many of the city’s Hindu residents settled in the Derawal Nagar colony of Delhi, India. The district of Rajanpur was later carved out of the Dera Ghazi Khan district. Some of them also settled in various parts of India, including Bhiwani, Delhi, Jhansi, Ranchi, Ambala, and Haridwar. DG Khan was the most famous seat of Krishna (Hindu avatar of Vishnu) worship, in northwest British India, where lord Krishn Ji was fondly referred to as “Thakur Gosain” by devotees. After the partition of British India, the Krishns Moorat was shifted to a new temple at Railway road, in Gurgaon, a suburb of Delhi.
Dera Ghazi Khan was founded in the 15th century by Amar a Tribal Sardar of the Mirani tribe. The old city of Dera Ghazi Khan was situated at the distance of 10 miles (16 km) towards the east of the present city. In 1908, the old city was destroyed due to flash floods from heavy rains overflowing the River Indus. The present city was established in 1910. The city is divided into different blocks.
The British Raj established a colonial system in the continent and declared Dera Ghazi Khan as the district in the year 1849. General Courtland was appointed as the first Deputy Commissioner of this District. Keeping in view the rapidly increasing population of the area and deteriorating law and order situation district Dera Ghazi Khan was divided into two districts i.e. Dera Ghazi Khan and Rajanpur. Presently there are two revenue subdivisions of the District.
Dera Ghazi Khan city is situated on the western bank of the Indus river. It was founded by a Balouch ruler, Nawab Haji Khan Mirani, also called Mirani Balouch, in 1476; he named the town after his son Ghazi Khan Mirani. Their close allies were Changwani and khetran tribes In those days, the game abounded near Dera Ghazi Khan and the fields were green. It was known as “Dera Phoolan Da Sehra” due to plenty of gardens and Kasturi canal, supplied by the Indus river. and tehsil towns shreef is very famous in district D.G khan.
In 1909-10, this cradle of Mirrani civilization was inundated by the Indus. At that time, there was a population of about 23,731. The present town was built 10 miles (16 km) from the old town. It was laid out on a grid pattern comprising 66 blocks with wide long roads and streets. Two open spaces were planned in each block for social gatherings. Some of these have been encroached upon.
The population of the newly developed town in 1911 was 18,446. This 2.22% decrease in population was due to the dislocation of population after the destruction of the previous settlement.
In the year 1913, the Municipal Committee came into existence. At that time, the area of the town was very small. Physical growth continued and now the area was about 4 square miles (10 km2). The major growth of the town has taken place since 1947. The town has largely spread to the north and south; it could not expand to the west due to the danger of flooding torrents such as affected the town in 1955. However, growth has also taken place on the eastern side. Almost all of the new developments in the north and east of the planned town are haphazardly built.
The development in the town from 1947 to 1958 remained slow, due to a lack of transportation and communication facilities. Only a boat bridge on the river Indus in the winter season and steamer service for the summer season linked Dera Ghazi Khan with the rest of Punjab. Taunsa Barrage on river Indus was completed in 1953 and the pace of development gained momentum. During the last 5 years, 72 industrial units were established. Ghazi Textile mills is another attempt to establish a heavy industrial complex in order to raise the economic base of the town.
The climate of Dera Ghazi Khan District
Dera Ghazi Khan is located at 30’03” N and 70’38” E. The overall climate of the city is dry with little rainfall. The winter is mild, but it is very hot in summer. The average high temperature during summer is about 107 °F (42 °C), while during winter the average low is 40 °F (4 °C).
The prevailing wind direction is north-south. Due to the barren mountains of Koh-Suleman (Sulaiman Mountains) and the sandy soil of the area, windstorms are common in the summer. During summer, the temperatures are generally amongst the highest in Pakistan
Papulation of Dera Ghazi Khan District
According to the 2017 census of Pakistan, the total population is 2,872,201 of which is 2,324,346 Rural and 547,855 urban.
Major Languages of Dera Ghazi Khan District
Saraiki is the main spoken language in cities and towns. But in rural areas, Balochi is spoken as well. Almost 20% of the city population speak Urdu.
According to the 1998 census, the most widely used first language is Saraiki, spoken by 80% of the population, followed by Balochi with 14%, Urdu with 3.2%, and Punjabi with 1.3%.
Administration Division of Dera Ghazi Khan District
As well as being the district capital – Dera Ghazi Khan is also the capital of Dera Ghazi Khan Tehsil, an administrative subdivision of the district. The Dera Ghazi Khan is subdivided into four Tehsils and seven Union Councils.
- Dera Ghazi Khan,
- Kot Chutta,
- Koh e Suleman
Major Tribes / Castes in Dera Ghazi Khan District
Saraiki, Baloch, and Muhagir casts are in majority in District DGkhan
Khosa Leghari Buzdar Lund Jatt Bhambhan Siddiqui Sheikh Ansari Rana Education in Dera Ghazi Khan District
Local Events & Social Life
“Baisakhi” is the main local event of the city. It is celebrated in the month of April every year at the beginning of wheat field cutting. Social life is very simple but legendry in District but some advance in the main city. Social customs and traditions reflect Islamic touch. People are very much sincere, hospitable, conservative, and humble, they are seriously conscious about their social traditions and feel pride in following them.
Education in Dera Ghazi Khan District
D.G. Khan is one of the most progressive looking districts of Punjab with a literacy rate of 48% amongst school-going children. Schools are providing computing facilities to students.
Here is a detailed list of some famous Educational institutes in D.G.Khan
- Ghazi University Dera Ghazi Khan
- Allied Schools, a project of Punjab Group of Colleges
- The Educators Dera Ghazi Khan
- ILM Group of Colleges Dera Ghazi Khan
- Ghazi Khan Medical College Dera Ghazi Khan
- New Al Zahra Public Model School Peer Muhammad Ghauri
- GIRLS COMPREHENSIVE MIDDLE SCHOOL AALI WALA
- Govt High School (GHS) Comprehensive D.g Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan
- City College of Commerce, D.G.Khan
- Boys Degree College Vehova (D.G.Khan)
- Ghazi Khan Medical College
- Regional Campus Allama Iqbal Open University
- Mir Chakar Khan Rind University of Technology
- University of Education D.G.Khan Campus
- Danish School (Boys & Girls Campus)
- Center of Excellence (Boys & Girls Campus)
- Divisional Public School & College
Dera Ghazi Khan District Postal Code
in Pakistan PostCode is a 5 digits code that is normally written at the end of an address which allows automated sorting of mail to a particular post office or Address. A postcode also knows as a Postal code and zip code.
Dera Ghazi Khan District in the Hazara region of Punjab province, its located at 32°26 N 74.64E. The Dera Ghazi Khan Gpo Postal code format consists of 5 digits. First 2 digit 32 for routing Dera Ghazi Khan district and 200 code Dera Ghazi Khan Gpo Post office. Dera Ghazi Khan Gpo Postal Code is 32200
|DERA GHAZI KHAN GPO POSTAL / ZIP CODE INFORMATION|
|Dera Ghazi Khan Gpo Postcode Type||Delivery Dera Ghazi Khan Gpo Post office|
|Dera Ghazi Khan Gpo Postal Code
|Area Name||Dera Ghazi Khan Gpo|
|Post Office Name||General Post Office|
|Dera Ghazi Khan Gpo Post Office Type||Main GPO|
|Post office Address||General Post Office.Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab|
|Tehsil :||Dera Ghazi Khan|
|District :||Dera Ghazi Khan|
|Dera Ghazi Khan Gpo Latitude
|Dera Ghazi Khan Gpo Longitude||70.63477|
|Pakistan ISO Code||2 Digits: PK, 3 Digits: PAK|
Dera Ghazi Khan POSTAL CODE information
|Area Name||Postal code|
|D.G KHAN SECONDARY BOARD||32260|
|D.G.KHAN CEMENT FACTORY||32250|
|DERA GHAZI KHAN GPO||32200|
|SHAH SADDAR DIN||32170|
What is the Dera Ghazi Khan City Code/phone Dialing code / Area code?
The city code or phone code or STD area code or dial code for Dera Ghazi Khan is 64. This code is required when you are trying to dial any fixed landline phone. Before dialing any such line the prefix of the above code must be used to make the correct phone call.
Dera Ghazi Khan Telephone City Dial Code | Location of 64 City Code
How to make a call/dial Dera Ghazi Khan?
If you are calling from Inside Pakistan
0 – 64 – XXXXXXXX (Receiver Phone number)
If you are calling from Outside Pakistan
+ 92 – 64 – XXXXXXXX ( Receiver phone number)
( International call)
Historical Places in District Dera Ghazi Khan
Hazrat Syed Ahmed is known as Sultan Sakhi Sarwar (RA) at Sakhi Sarwar
The Tomb of Hazarat Sakhi Sarwar was built in the 13th century in Sulaman mountain, 35 km from Dera Ghazi Khan city. This is presently in a small village named Muqam. Thousands of people from all over the subcontinent come here on the Annual Celebrations of Birth of Sakhi Sarwar in March every year. It is a unique building of Mughal architecture.
TOMB OF GHAZI KHAN
The Tomb of Ghazi Khan was built at the beginning of the 15th century. This seems like the tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam in Multan. This is present in the Mulla Qaid Shah Graveyard. Its main gate is from the eastern side and two small doors are inside the north and south. In it, there are 11 graves, which are of the family of Ghazi Khan. Every side of the tomb is 13 feet (4.0 m) and 3 inches (76 mm) from the inner side and which are conical minarets from outside. Its circular distance from the earth is 17 feet (5.2 m) and half.
The half diameter of the conical minarets remains 34 inches (860 mm) on the highest of 19 feet (5.8 m). There are 28 ladders from the northern side in the internal side. The Graveyard came into being due to the tomb of Ghazi Khan. This is the oldest building of the city Dera Ghazi Khan.
In front of the central jail, there is a unique churchyard which is situated in the walls on its four sides. This churchyard could not spread because of the minority of the Christian in the local area. This came into being in the year 1910.
Shah Bagh Masjid
After the destruction of the old Dera Ghazi Khan when the people of Dera Ghazi Khan shifted in the new city, this was the first Mosque where they performed their first Jumma Namaz. It is in the Block No. 7. In the city people performed their first Jumma Namaz behind the Mutawali of the Mosque named Syed Bagh Ali Shah. So it named after the Imam of that time.
This is the biggest Masjid in the city. Which was constructed in the year 1916. There is a large pool in the Masjid which is used for making ablution. It has a big hall whose length is 100 feet (30 m) and width is 45 feet (14 m), in which 3,000 persons can say their prayer at one time. Its courtyard is also wide in which 10,000 men can say their prayer. The minarets of the Masjid are 85 feet (26 m) high in which there are 100 ladders.
Fort Munro is a hill station in Dera Ghazi Khan which lies on the Quetta Road at 85 km from Dera Ghazi Khan city in the Sulaiman Mountains Range. Its altitude is 1800 meters (6,470 feet) above sea level and attracts many people for short stays during the summer. It is also a good picnic point. Many school trips and families use to go for recreation.
Families from south Punjab cities like Multan, Muzzafar Garh, Rajan pur, Jampur Layyah, Taunsa, Kot Addu, Lodhran, Bahawalpur, and Kot Mithan make trips to this beautiful hill station during summer. In summer when the temperature reaches 48 degrees in south Punjab, people rush to this cold place where the temperature remains 20 degrees in summer.
Taunsa Barrage is situated on the northern side of the city Dera Ghazi Khan at a distance of 60 km. It is worth seeing the place. It is also a good picnic point. Many school trips and families use to go for recreation.
Other salient features of Dera Ghazi Khan District are as below:
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